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What are the rules for small claims cases?

On Behalf of | Oct 11, 2023 | Civil Litigation |

Small claims court serves as an accessible avenue for individuals to seek justice and resolve disputes for smaller matters.

According to the Hamilton County Clerk of Courts, small claims court is only for cases involving $6,000 or less, and if your matter falls into this category, you will need to understand the specific rules for these cases.

Know your case

The first step in taking a case to small claims court is to thoroughly understand your case. Be sure to gather all the relevant documents, evidence and any communication records that support your claim and make sure it fits within the limits of small claims by assessing the damages you want to recoup.

Filing a complaint

To initiate your case, you must file a complaint with the court that outlines the details of your dispute, including the parties involved, the nature of the dispute and the remedy you are seeking. Your claim must include the address of the other party and should be clear, concise and address the key issues.

You should note that you can not file multiple claims for one situation to bypass the monetary cap. If your total claims go over the $6,000 limit, you will need to go to a different court.

In addition, you cannot file a case if you are under the age of 18, but your parents or guardian can file for you. You also cannot file a claim against a minor and will have to file against his or her parents or guardian instead.

Serving notice

After filing your complaint, you will need to serve notice to the opposing party by delivering the complaint and a summons to the defendant. The defendant must be aware of the case and have the opportunity to respond.

Preparing for court

Both parties will receive a hearing or court date at which you must prove your case through a preponderance of evidence. Organize your evidence, witnesses and any documentation that supports your claim. If this case involves a vehicle, you must bring the title to court that shows it is in your name.

Attending the court hearing

During the hearing, both parties will present arguments, evidence and witnesses. It is essential to be respectful and concise when presenting your case.

After the hearing, the judge will make a decision based on the evidence and arguments. If the judgment is in your favor, you will receive an order outlining the remedy. However, it is your responsibility to enforce the judgment if the opposing party does not comply willingly.

In Hamilton County, Ohio, the small claims court offers a straightforward and cost-effective way to resolve disputes. By understanding the process, you can increase your chances of a favorable outcome.


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